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What does alcohol do to the human body?

Effects of Alcohol on our body

Alcohol (Ethanol) is an intoxicating substance that damages our bodies. Below are some poignant examples.

Drinking alcohol can increase the levels of some hormones in the body, such as oestrogen, which is linked to breast cancer. Alcohol upsets blood sugar levels, adrenal function and damages the gut barrier. This causes the body to deplete vital nutrient deficiencies such as B vitamins, riboflavin, folate, niacin, calcium, magnesium, and zinc.

It is a central nervous system depressant, meaning that it slows down the brain and body functions. Alcohol affects our cerebellum, limbic system, and cerebral cortex which impacts our memory, emotions, and motor coordination.

It overloads the liver, the main detoxification organ, triggering symptoms such as disrupted sleep, brain fog, weight gain, and fatigue. When the liver cannot metabolise alcohol, the brain is left unprotected. This explains the reasons for brain damage.


Alzheimer’s and mental illness are some of the consequences of alcohol abuse. Liver problems are likely to be associated with the accumulation of fat in the liver which can be a cause of ‘fatty liver’. The risk of developing liver cancer is also increased by alcohol abuse.


Alcohol can cause serious health risks. It is associated with more than 200 medical conditions such as cancer risk, cardiovascular disease…

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